Fact Attack on World Development and Water

UN has published a World Water Development Report- some statistics;

1 billion people lack access to improved water supply

2.4 billion people lack access to improved sanitation

Access to piped water through household connections
- Latin America and the Caribbean: 66%
- Asia: 49%
- Africa: 24%

Access to sanitation linked to a sewage system:
- Latin America and the Caribbean: 66%
- Asia: 18%
- Africa: 13%

Over 1 million people die from malaria every year.

Every day, diarrhoeal diseases cause some 6,000 deaths, mostly among children under five.

777 million people in developing countries do not have access to sufficient and adequate food.

Approximately 70% of all available water is used for irrigation.

Some 300-500 million tons of heavy metals, solvents, toxic sludge, and other wastes accumulate each year from industry.

Water withdrawals for industry
- World: 22% of total water use.
- High-income countries: 59% of total water use.
- Low-income countries: 8% of total water use.

Some 2 billion people have no access to electricity at all.

Hydropower plays a major role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions: developing ½ of the world's economically feasible hydropower potential could reduce greenhouse gases emissions by about 13%.

Natural disasters cost a total of US$70 billion in 1999, compared to US$30 billion in 1990.

From 1992 to 2001, developing countries accounted for 20% of the total number of disasters, and over 50% of all disaster fatalities.

Approximately 13 times more people die per reported disaster in developing countries than in developed countries.

Approximately 66 million people suffered flood damage from 1973 to 1997.

Number of children of primary-school age who do not have access to education: 113 million

The average size of the world's 100 largest cities grew from around 0.2 million in 1800 to 0.7 million in 1900 to 6.2 million in 2000.

Sixteen cities became 'mega-cities' (10 or more million inhabitants) in 2000, comprising 4% of the population.

In the urban areas of low-income countries, 1 child in 6 dies before the age of five.
In areas poorly served with water and sanitation, the child mortality rate is multiplied by 10 or 20 compared to areas with adequate water and sanitation services.

Every day, 2 million tons of human waste are disposed of in water courses.

The chart above shows price of water in some developed countries.


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This page contains a single entry by Paul published on July 2, 2006 12:47 PM.

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