Disclosure Helps Reduce Pollution

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Key Findings from a World Bank collaborated research on an approach to fighting pollution through empowering communities to exert pressure on polluters by giving the general public access to emissions information.

-In developing countries where pollution information has been scarce, disclosure can make a firm’s emissions more costly because it increases penalties from regulators, local communities, consumer organizations and market agents.

-Significant factors influence the ‘pricing’ of pollution by local communities. These include income, education, level of civic activity, legal or political recourse, media coverage, NGO presence, efficiency of existing formal regulation, local employment alternatives, and the total pollution load faced by a community in relation to its environmental capacity to absorb pollution.

-Disclosure promotes useful learning across firms. A good rating for one firm among many competitors establishes the feasibility of cleaner production and encourages other firms to invest more in reducing their harmful impact on the environment.

-Disclosure promotes managers’ awareness of their own firms’ pollution. A survey of Indonesian firms that have participated in PROPER suggests an important impact for information to plant managers and owners about their own plants’ emissions and abatement opportunities.

Related Links:

- The truth about the environment

- Economic man, cleaner planet

- Greening industry; new roles for communities, markets, and governments

- World development report 2003 - sustainable development in a dynamic world : transforming institutions, growth, and quality of life

- "Confronting the Environmental Kuznets Curve," 2002, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 16, No. 1, Winter (with Susmita Dasgupta, Benoit Laplante and Hua Wang).

- Shakeb Afsah, Allen Blackman, and Damayanti Ratunanda, "How Do Public Disclosure Pollution Control Programs Work? Evidence from Indonesia", RFF Discussion Paper 00-44, October 2000

-“Environmental performance rating and disclosure, China's GreenWatch program,” 2004, Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 71, no. 2, June, 123-133 (with Hua Wang)

- Greening of Development Economics: A Survey

- The China Syndrome and the Environmental Kuznets Curve

- The Green TV and China's Environmental Protection Agency - SEPA

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This page contains a single entry by Paul published on April 9, 2006 12:57 AM.

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